Composers & Links

Eric Coates (1886-1957) - father of British Light Music

The Symphonic Eric Coates CD cover Eric Coates showed musical ability from an early age, and as a boy received violin lessons and instruction in music theory. He later progressed to the viola and played both instruments in orchestras including under the batons of both Henry Wood and Sir Thomas Beecham. He had privately written a number of pieces before enrolling in the Royal Academy of Music to formally study composition and the viola. He threw himself fervently into all manner of musical activities, playing with numerous groups in addition to his normal studies, but increasingly found his viola playing hindered by a pain and consequent weakness in his left hand. Over time he was forced to devote less time to playing and more to composition, but found his skills as an arranger and composer to be much in demand.

Eric Coates By the Sleepy Lagoon Summer Days CD cover From the start he made it clear that he was not interested in composing "serious" classical pieces but wanted to focus on "lighter" works. Thus he created settings of many poems, arranged all manner of songs, wrote many orchestral pieces for concert hall and stage, and established himself as the father of British Light Music. Although there have been "light" composers from many eras in many countries, it is often thought of as a British phenomenon. What is Light Music? It is pleasant melodic music, less demanding of the listener and easier on the ear. It does not try to make any profound statements or push boundaries but is content simply to entertain, like the waltzes and polkas of the Strauss family. That should make this style of music ideally suited for film, radio and television, but Coates was not interested in composing directly for these media. He did not want his music to be constrained by such needs, but wanted complete freedom to shape his pieces. Nevertheless his music did indirectly find a useful outlet in these media.

Eric Coates Calling all Workers Springtime CD cover First he had written an orchestral suite called the "London Suite", the first movement "Covent Garden" using the song Cherry Ripe, but it was the third movement march called "Knightsbridge" which caught the public attention when it was used by the radio programme "In Town Tonight". Then there was another piece "By the Sleepy Lagoon" sometimes called just "Sleepy Lagoon", a Valse Serenade for strings. This became a hit and was later adopted by the BBC as the signature for their popular programme "Desert Island Discs" which has run for more than 50 years. Then there is his piece called "Calling All Workers". Initially he wrote this during the war years at his wife's suggestion for the staff at the Red Cross depot where she worked. This theme was also adopted for a radio programme "Music while you Work". Between these three works, Coates' music was very familiar indeed to the BBC's audience, and the corporation commissioned the composer to write a work for their re-opening of Television services in 1946 - this was the "Television March".

It was suggested to Coates that he compose some music inspired by the 3 Royal Elizabeths. He took up the challenge and composed "The Three Elizabeths Suite". The first movement is "Halcyon Days" an historical portrait of Elizabeth I and whose main theme was later used for the BBC's adaptation of "The Forsyte Saga". The second movement is called "Springtime in Angus" and refers to the Queen Mother to be (to whom the work is also dedicated, see the cover of the album below) and her love of Scotland. The third movement is called "Youth of Britain" and is a portrait of Princess Elizabeth who was later to become Queen Elizabeth II.

Eric Coates The Three Elizabeths Suite CD cover With his track record and popular success in radio and television, it is not surprising that Coates had been asked to compose for film. As previously noted, the composer did not warm to this idea and had turned down previous approaches. However, in 1954 his name was naturally mentioned in the context of a new film. The "Dambusters" story of the bouncing bomb was very British and patriotic, and Coates was well-known for his marches. The film makers were advised of Coates dislike of film scoring, so they decided to ask him instead for such a march. When Coates' publisher conveyed this request to the composer, Coates replied that he had finished just such a march the previous day. The march lying on Coates desk was therefore named "The Dambusters March", and Leighton Lucas was hired to weave this into the film's score. This was one of the last major pieces written by Eric Coates.

Music by Eric Coates:

  • London Suite: Covent Garden, Westminster, Knightsbridge - the final movement being used by radio's "In Town Tonight"
  • London Again Suite - the composer's sequel
  • By The Sleepy Lagoon - used for many years as the signature tune to radio's "Desert Island Discs"
  • Calling All Workers - used for many years as the signature tune to radio's "Music While You Work"
  • Television March - BBC commission
  • The Three Elizabeths Suite - written during WWII and dedicated to the Queen Mother, this was later used in the original BBC production of "The Forsyte Saga"
  • The Dambusters March - an heroic march used in the film of the same name
  • High Flight March - similarly used in the film "High Flight"
  • The Old Curiosity Shop - a film dating from 1934

Eric Coates - Recommendations:

The following albums contain a good cross-section of favourite pieces by Eric Coates: